Soal Latihan Mandiri Bahasa Inggris Niaga SOSI4101

2:54:00 pm

Sobat, salah satu cara untuk mengukur kemampuan kita dalam menyerap materi adalah dengan mengerjakan soal latihan. Kali ini soal yang diberikan adalah Soal Latihan Mandiri Bahasa Inggris Niaga SOSI4101 Universitas Terbuka. Soal ini berisi 45 soal pilihan ganda. Untuk mempermudah siapkanlah kertas dan pensil, kemudian tulis jawaban anda pada kertas setelah itu cek pada halaman kunci jawaban, jawaban anda benar berapa. Jika skor anda diatas 80% berarti anda sudah menguasai materi, jika skor anda dibawah 80% berarti anda harus membaca dan memahami materi kembali. Cara menghitung skor adalah: Jumlah jawaban benar dibagi jumlah soal dikali 100%. Selamat Mengerjakan.

Soal Pilihan Ganda

Petunjuk: Untuk soal-soal berikut, pilihlah satu jawaban yang paling tepat!

1. A country has ..….. when it can produce something more efficiently than another country. 

 a. absolute advantage  

 b. balance of payment  

 c. asset  

 d. bankruptcy  

2. An economic system exists to distribute these resources, and an efficient economic system is one that allocates them best is called …. 

 a. absolute advantage  

 b. allocation of resources  

 c. aggregate demand  

 d. antitrust  

3. A rise in the price of a currency relative to other currency is called .... 

 a. arbitrage  

 b. asset  

 c. antitrust  

 d. appreciation  

4. .... involves a complex set of activities, including foreign exchange operations which are mostly monotonous. 

 a. Balance of payments  

 b. Balance sheet  

 c. Bank failure  

 d. Bankruptcy  

5. .... is a technical term for the ups and downs in the economic growth rate. 

 a. Balance of payment  

 b. Business cycle  

 c. Bank failure  

 d. Balance sheet  

6. The net addition to the capital stock in a given period is called … 

 a. capital market  

 b. human capital  

 c. capital formation  

 d. capital  

7. .... is a handy Latin phrase meaning all other things being equal. 

 a. Credit  

 b. Credit crunch  

 c. Comparative advantage  

 d. Ceteris paribus  

8. The idea that people purchase things primarily to impress their neighbours is ….... 

 a. conspicuous consumption  

 b. consumer goods  

 c. consumer price index  

 d. consumer sovereignty  

9. When economic growth turns steeply for a prolonged period it is called .... 

 a. devaluation  

 b. depreciation  

 c. disinflation  

 d. depression  

10. .... is a rather inelegant name for the practice of selling products abroad at cheaper prices than they are sold at home. 

 a. Disinflation  

 b. Disequilibrium  

 c. Dumping  

 d. Dissaving  

11. A heavy – duty principle of economics. It states that the continued addition of one factor of production –land, labor, or capital– when the other two are held constant, will eventually lead to less and less additional production. This is called … 


 a. disequilibrium  

 b. depreciation  

 c. disinflation  

 d. depression  

12. .... is a seemingly blissful situation created by the Federal Reserve Bank to reduce interest rates by expanding the amount of credit available. 


 a. Easy money  

 b. Economic efficiency  

 c. Economic indicators  

 d. Equilibrium  

13. A condition that is achieved when resources are used without undue waste, cost and effort is .... 


 a. econometrics  

 b. easy money  

 c. economic efficiency  

 d. economic indicators  

14. .... is a measurement of the responsiveness of one variable to changes in another. 


 a. Economic efficiency  

 b. Econometrics  

 c. Elasticity  

 d. Economic indicators  

15. .... is a side effect, or spillover, from an activity that does not naturally have a market price. 


 a. Entrepreneur  

 b. Expectations  

 c. Elasticity  

 d. Externality  

16. A resource that is used to produce goods and services is … 


 a. final goods and services  

 b. financial intermediary  

 c. fine tuning  

 d. factor of production  

17. .... is an institution that links savers with borrowers. 


 a. Fine tuning  

 b. Financial intermediaries  

 c. Firm  

 d. Federal Reserve Bank  

18. A situation in which government not interfere with the international exchange of goods is called .... 


 a. full employment  

 b. final food and services  

 c. free trade  

 d. foreign exchange market  

19. .... is international rules of good behaviour on trading matters. 


 a. GATT  

 b. Gentlemen’s agreement  

 c. Game theory  

 d. General equilibrium  

20. Protecting oneself against loss due prices changes, especially by buying at a fixed price for future delivery is called .... 


 a. handling charge  

 b. hire purchase  

 c. hard currency  

 d. hedging  

21. .... is money moved around quickly and or regularly by its owners into countries, or investment, e.g. to get the highest interest rates. 


 a. Hire purchase  

 b. Hot money  

 c. Hedging  

 d. Hard currency  

22. Method of changing process for goods and services by linking them to changes in the rate of inflation is called .... 


 a. indexation  

 b. inflation  

 c. inferior good  

 d. investment  

23. .... is when economic policy takes the form of moral exhortation or persuasion. 


 a. Invisible hand  

 b. Inventory  

 c. Jawboning  

 d. Incentive  

24. The process of giving feedback in their performance of a task is … 


 a. key result area  

 b. Kelly repertory grid  

 c. key individuals  

 d. knowledge of results  

25. One of the group of measures of the country’s economic health prepared by the Department of Commerce is … 


 a. laissez-faire  

 b. lagging indicators  

 c. Laffer curve  

 d. leading indicators  

26. .... is a formal way of designing a debt. 


 a. Liquidity  

 b. Labor theory of value  

 c. Inability  

 d. Labour  

27. When the Fed decides to make credit readily available to borrowers, it increases the supply of money is called … 


 a. long run  

 b. loose money  

 c. market  

 d. mixed economy  

28. The study of how small changes – increases and decreases – in the total amount of one variable affect one or more related variables is called  .... 


 a. macroeconomics  

 b. mercantalism  

 c. marginal analysis  

 d. microeconomics  

29. .... is a market with a one buyer. 


 a. Monopsony  

 b. Monopoly  

 c. Money supply  

 d. Money illusion  

30. .... is a shorthand way of capturing a complicated process by which changes in spending affect the level of national income. 


 a. Monetarism  

 b. Multiplier  

 c. Mixed economy  

 d. Multinational corporation  

31. .... is another way of saying gross national product. 


 a. Nationalisation  

 b. Net worth  

 c. National debt  

 d. National income  

32. .... is gross national product minus depreciation. 


 a. National debt  

 b. Net national product  

 c. Net worth  

 d. National income  

33. A way of competing for buyers without lowering prices is called  .... 


 a. neoclassical economics  

 b. new classical  

 c. nonprice competition  

 d. normative economics  

34. .... is a situation in which a few sellers can control or dominate a market   

 a. Open market operations  

 b. Oligopoly  

 c. Opportunity cost  

 d. Profit  

35. .... is one that avoids the price mechanism as the main way to allocate resources. 


 a. Price system  

 b. Private sector  

 c. Productivity  

 d. Planned economy  

36. Any extra revenue, after costs have been taken care of that temporarily accrues to a factor of production is  .... 


 a. quantity theory of money  

 b. quasy-rent  

 c. quota  

 d. radical economics  

37. A school of thought that describes how people respond to economic events is called .... 


 a. reaganomics  

 b. national expectations  

 c. real  

 d. recession  

38. .... is fiddling with data that are collected over time. 


 a. Satisficing  

 b. Say’s law  

 c. Seasonal adjustment  

 d. Service economy  

39. .... improves the welfare society. 


 a. Social benefit  

 b. Social cost  

 c. Socialism  

 d. Stagflation  

40. a term capturing the way prices are set in a free market. 


 a. Supply shock  

 b. Supply and demand  

 c. Subsidy  

 d. Supply –side economics  

41. Taxes imposed on imports are called … 


 a. tariffs  

 b. tax equity  

 c. tax incidence  

 d. tax expenditure  

42. Workpersonlike word to describe the ineffable – the pleasure or fulfillment that people derive from consuming a good or a service. 


 a. union  

 b. unemployment  

 c. terms of trade  

 d. utility  

43. .... is the difference between the value of a firm’s output and the value of the input purchased in order to produce. 


 a. Tight money  

 b. Value-added taxes  

 c. Barter  

 d. Deficit spending  

44. Rather imprecise term to describe any unexpected increase in income received by individuals or firms is called ... 


 a. world bank  

 b. protectionism  

 c. windfall profits  

 d. welfare state  

45. an element of game theory where one person’s gain is another person’s loss. 


 a. Recession  

 b. Council of economic advisers  

 c. Returns to scale  

 d. Zero-sum game  

Untuk mengetahui jawabannya silahkan buka halaman Kunci Jawaban Soal Latihan Mandiri Bahasa Inggris Niaga SOSI4101

Sumber Latihan Mandiri Universitas Terbuka

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